Male reproductive system disorders are as common as female reproductive system diseases. And the most common problems that arise in this system are related to the prostate gland of man.
The prostate gland is a small muscular-gland present between urinary bladder and penis, in front of the rectum. It secrets special fluid that nourishes the sperms and keeps them alive by protecting them. Its function is influenced by male hormones like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone.
The prostate gland shows multiple disorders due to different factors. Common symptoms shown by these disorders are urgency to urinate, burning sensation during urination, blood in urine, etc. It is not vital for life but vital for reproduction. That’s why it is important to consult your doctor if you feel any symptoms. Sexologists are the medical specialists that deal with these types of medical conditions.
Here are the three most common types of prostate diseases
During the early stages, prostate cancer does not show any symptoms. But as it progresses, symptoms start appearing. It is one of the most common cancers in men. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet.
Symptoms of prostate cancer include:
- A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
- Inability to urinate
- Dribbling of urine or weak stream of urine
- Painful or burning sensation while urination
- Painful ejaculation
- Blood in urine or semen
- Frequent pain in different body parts like lower abdomen, back, hips, or upper thighs
The enlargement of the prostate gland is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is a noncancerous enlargement of this gland. It is very common, but rarely causes symptoms before age 40.
- Difficulty in urination (burning or pain)
- Frequent and urgent need to urinate
- An urge to urinate even when the bladder is empty
- Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
- A weak or intermittent stream of urine
- A sense of incomplete emptying of the bladder when urinating
Prostate Inflammation (Prostatitis):
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. The cause behind prostatitis is a bacterial infection that leaks into the prostate from the urinary tract or infection due to sexually transmitted organisms. Men of all ages can get prostatitis, and it can occur in any size prostate (enlarged or not).
Symptoms of prostatitis include:
- Difficulty urinating
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Pain or burning during urination
- Pain in the groin and lower abdomen
- Chills and fever along with urinating problems
Diagnosis of Prostate Disease
For Prostate cancer blood tests like PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test and physical examination through the rectum are done by the urologist. If these tests show any suspicions, further diagnostic tests like ultrasound, MRI, and biopsy of the prostate tissue are conducted. A core needle biopsy is the main method used to diagnose prostate cancer.
For prostate enlargement, the doctor performs a digital rectal exam and checks your prostate for enlargement by inserting a finger into the rectum. Urine and blood tests are also done to confirm this condition. This was also discussed by a random on the “Weight loss Write for us” Page.
For diagnosing Prostatitis, doctors perform tests to rule out the cause of infection and other conditions that are resulting in prostatitis as a symptom. A digital rectal exam is performed to check the condition of the prostate gland. The type of bacteria is also determined by the culture test. So according to that treatment can be given.
These are the most common diseases of the prostate gland that are shown in 80% of men after the age of 40. Prostate cancer is becoming the leading cause of death during recent years. So early diagnosis is very important. These diseases have common symptoms, that’s why correct and early diagnosis is very important.
You can consult the best Sexologists in Lahore through Marham if you have any symptoms related to your prostate gland.