Low metabolism (hypothyroidism) is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland produces too little of the metabolic hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Treatment consists of taking a drug that contains a metabolic hormone.
Causes of metabolism
In most cases, low metabolism is due to chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland. This is a so-called autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland. In addition, other causes of low metabolism can be:
- Previous treatment of other conditions of the thyroid gland (for example, radiation therapy, radioactive iodine, or surgery).
- Congenital defective development of the thyroid gland.
- The disease of the pituitary gland.
- Treatment with drugs that have low metabolism as a side effect.
- Pregnancy (usually transient).
- Too low iodine intake from the diet. Regular diet usually covers the need for iodine (150 micrograms in adults, 250 micrograms in pregnant and lactating women). Deficiency is often seen in people who do not eat fish and dairy products (vegans, vegetarians, and people with food allergies), immigrants with low consumption of dairy products, and people with a one-sided diet.
- Failure of the pituitary gland (rare).
Incidence of low metabolism
Hypothyroidism is a common disease that affects about 5% of women and 1% of men. The incidence increases with increasing age. In exceptional situations, children can be born with a low metabolism.
Some people are more prone to low metabolism than others, including people with an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter). People who, either alone or in a close family, have an autoimmune disease such as diabetes or arthritis. People with Down syndrome are also more vulnerable than others.
Symptoms of metabolism
Low metabolism often gives diffuse symptoms, and many go a long way with the disease before they are diagnosed correctly. Possible symptoms may be:
- Fatigue and increased need for sleep.
- Tends to freeze.
- Weight gain,
- Dry hair and hair loss.
- Dry and rough skin.
- Thin and split nails.
- Hoarse and deep voice.
- Swelling around the eyes.
- Muscle and joint pain.
- Difficulty concentrating and poor memory.
The symptoms often occur gradually over a long period of time, and are therefore often overlooked or confused with other diseases or that one gets older. With the right treatment, most people become virtually asymptomatic get some ed pills like Fildena or vigora to get best physical life.
When should you contact a doctor?
Always consult a doctor if you have diffuse ailments that you do not know the cause of, or you suspect a low metabolism. An easy blood test can decide if you have enough metabolic hormones in your body.
Treatment of metabolism
Treatment mainly consists of replacing the thyroid gland’s lack of thyroxine (T4) with thyroxine in tablet form. You normally start with a low dosage and step up until the blood tests become familiar, and the symptoms go away. This may take several weeks.
In some cases where you do not reach the target with thyroxine, your doctor may recommend trying a medicine containing triiodothyronine (T3). This type of combination therapy has been debated, but clinical experience shows that some may benefit from this. Some medicines contain thyroid extract from pigs, including Armor Thyroid, Thyroid erfa, and WP Thyroid. These are not registered on the Norwegian market, and must therefore be imported from abroad.
Metabolic drugs can have a worse effect when consuming dairy products, supplements that contain calcium or iron, stomach antacids, and coffee. Ensure a sufficient time interval between intakes fildena 150mg– at least 2-4 hours.
If the disease is only due to low iodine intake, one can either adjust their diet or supplement iodine. Dairy products, saltwater fish, and shellfish are good sources of iodine.